Max Ernst Johannes Theodor Baargeld, Kurt Schwitters, George Grosz, Otto Dix, Hannah Höch, Raoul Hausmann John Heartfield, Man Ray Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia, Beatrice Wood and Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven.
Major and minor branches were created in Barcelona, Berlin, Cologne, New York, Paris, Latin America, Japan, Croatia and the Tyrol. These were the important centers and the artists who made up the DADA movement.

The Berlin group was much more political and used Dada to fight the government.
Hannah Höch, a gifted political collagist took over Dada to use in texts and invents the photo montage.
Raoul Hausmann – John Heartfield – Otto Dix – George Grosz

Max Ernst – Johannes Theodor Baargeld
Both Rejected the tradition of painting and experimented with assemblages of found objects and montage.
Ernst constructed a dreamlike world of juxtapositions that prefigured surrealist practice.

Man Ray wrote a letter to Tristan Tzara June 1921—” Dada cannot live in New York. All New York is Dada and will not tolerate a rival-will not notice Dada. He also wanted a new way of showing things. He wrapped up his mothers sewing machine. Even though it was wrapped you could still identify what it was or it was left to the imagination. He also abandoned the camera and only using light on photographic paper showed a new method for photos it was called Rayographs.

Everything begins with the first International Exhibition of Modern Art at the Armory Feb 1919
Francis Picabia  shows his machines are human beings drawings

Marcel Duchamp shows his canvas Nude. Descending A staircase heralding the European avant- garde then in  April 1917 Duchamp showed a ready made Object that became the 20th century’s most influential work – The Fountain an inverted urinal.

Beatrice Wood gave manifestations of Dada and defended Marcel Duchamp. She worked with found objects. Often called the Mama of Dada – she was an inspiration for the 101 year Rose DeWitt Bukater in the film Titanic.

Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven
Her bizarre costumes, and her radical performances with which she appeared on public streets established the field of performance art.  Her early ready mades – on the way to getting married she discovered an iron ring on the street – a found object that she declared an artwork, entitled “Enduring Ornament” and here we must mention that latest research suggests that the idea behind the upturned urinal, signed R.Mutt did not come from Marcel Duchamp, but from her. Her visual poems, her tendency to play with gender roles truly made her a figurehead of the avant-garde.  She took one of the most provocative positions of her time.She left America in 1923 and returned to Germany.

Kurt Schwitters
Was not accepted by the Dada group in Zurich group  and went back to Hannover and launched his one man movement “MERZ”.

May 27th – 1920
Dada is dead. It ends in Paris with a fight between Breton and a poor poet Pierre de Massot who has his arm broken by Breton who hits him with a walking stick. That event ended Dada in Paris and at the same time the hour of Surrealism’s birth. New York Dada ended in 1921 when Duchamp and Man Ray left for Paris.

And after
Surrealism 1924, Constructivism, Lettrism, Situationism, Fluxus, Pop and Op Art, Conceptual Art, Minimalism and most twentieth century art movements have traced their roots to Dada.
Once you think Dada, most of the artists you know and love, all derived that Dada vision and expanded on it till today.
The thought that anyone could be an artist and that anything could be art along with the desire to tear down the media propaganda of our consumer society and politics is as strong as ever.

And along side came  . . .

  • The Beat Generation
  • Saint Germain des Pres
  • The Viennese activists movement
  • Punk sub-culture and you might as well throw in Tattoos!
  • Performance art stronger than ever
  • All critically subversive strategies that live on in current counter cultural practices.



1916 – till 1920 . . . till now

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In other news

Anthonis van Dyck
Van Dyck, a drawing by him at 14.
It speaks for itself!



Image (2)Marc Spiegler, Global Director Art Basel

Marc says the art market is not in a bubble, lots of new young collectors coming in.

We were at his presentation ‘1986-2016’ at the Museum Haus Konstruktiv.
From quiet village to a chaotic cosmopolis.


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It all started a 100 years ago in Zurich and Zurich is celebrating. The Kunsthaus, the Landesmuseum, the Museum Haus Konstruktiv, the Cafe Voltaire,  Galerie, Hotel Limmatblick with its DADA Bar and lots of other events during the year.

So why is this movement one of the most revolutionary movements of the twentieth century which still influences more than ever the contemporary art world.


The place it started – Zurich Switzerland
Neutral Switzerland was a haven for intellectuals, scientists, poets and artists that were repelled by the slaughterhouses of the world war around them from all the belligerent nations. World War 1 was a devastating war that left everyone looking for a way to rebalance their lives. A very small group of artists got together and in a very subversive and irreverent matter thought that anyone could be an artist and that anything could be art they wanted to start over like children, wipe out the old way of thinking of art.
Where…. the Cafe Voltaire Feb 5 1916 closed only 4 months later.

The Cafe, named in honour of the eighteenth century French writer, philosopher and radical critic was held there for only four months.
It was here at the Spiegelgasse 1 that the birthplace of Dada started. No one is quite sure where the name came from. Here every night the 7 Dada Founders pushed themselves to the edge of madness they acted childlike, silly, they sang, painted, made collages composed poetry, danced mock rituals that happened on the stage and looked for a new order to heal human beings. They were not opposed to art or religion, they wanted to penetrate them and be inspired by them and at the same time were very subversive.

Hans Arp remembered these evenings as total pandemonium. “The people around us are shouting, laughing gesticulating. Our replies are sighs of love, volleys of hiccups, poems, moos and meowing of medieval Bruitists. This audience was composed of dissidents, refugees , artists and dissidents all who came every night.

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The  7 DADA founders who started the most  revolutionary movements of the twentieth century

Hans Arp – an Alsatian painter, sculptor and poet who co-founded the movement. He created biomorphic shapes in ink, woodcuts and painted layered wood reliefs. He married Sophie Tauber. They collaborated on abstract images and established the Cabaret Voltaire. Rejected for Swiss citizenship Arp moved to Paris in 1925 and exhibited with the Surrealists.

Hugo Ball – German, Presented short plays such as the Nativity Play, he famously appeared in a cubist costume reciting one of his sound poems (poem without words) .  Ball read his “Dada Manifesto aloud at the first dada evening performance outside the Cabaret Voltaire. He is thought to have used the word Dada first. In his sound poems, such as “Karawane”, Ball wanted to find a language that emerges from the “primeval strata untouched and not reached by logic and by the social apparatus.”

Emmy Hennings – German, The bon vivant and professional Cabaret singer and  poet presented songs  and had audience participation.Co-founder of the Cafe Voltaire.

Richard Huelsinbeck – German, He recited pseudo-African poems he played  the drums on stage introducing a stronger rhythm. Underlining the groups search for “primitive art” Had a nervous breakdown because his Swiss girlfriend demanded that he choose between her and DADA. readings of expressionist and futurist poems simultaneous poems in three different languages to cubist dances. Everything was possible.

Marcel Janco – Romanian, Along with Dada performances he produced abstract costumes and masks for the Cabarets soirees, printed posters and invitations for other Dada Events. He returned to Bucharest in 1920 and cardboard communicated characters and passions that are larger than life.

Sophie Taeuber-Arp – Swiss,  A key representative of the Zurich dadaists and simultaneously a pioneer of constructivist-concert art.She is seen as one of the most versatile and adventurous female Swiss Artists of the 20th century.Painting, drawing,sculpture, architecture, design, dance and scenography, she introduced to Arp non-traditional materials and geometric constructions.Her first show was at the opening of Galerie Dada where she danced to verses by Hugo Ball wearing a mask by Marcel Janco. In 1918 with Hans Arp and other artists she signed the “Dada Manifesto”.

Tristan Tzara  – Romanian,  Tzara edited an anthology of works performed at the cabaret The PR Genius organised a conference at the Kunsthaus Zurich He constantly promoted the trade mark Dada. He also was responsible for sending out to over 40  artists that they submit their art work to him and it would be published for his 1921 book project “Dadaglobe”. Due to inflation the German publisher could not finish the project. It was unpublished till now. So to mark the 100 years of the foundation of Dada the widely dispersed original artworks are reunited for the first time  in“Dadaglobe Reconstructed” It is a milestone in Dada Research and can be bought online or at the bookstore of the Kunsthaus. Some of the artists included are Hans Arp, Andre Breton, Max Ernst, Hannah Hoch, Sophie Taeuber-Arp, and around 30 other artists.The exhibition will travel to the Museum of Modern Art, New York from June 2016.

Dadaglobe_PlakatThe first Dada show was at the  Corray . With Arp, Janco, giorgio de Chirico, Otto and Adya van Rees, Hans Richter, Swiss artists and african sculptures. The name was changed after to Gallery Dada. This was in January 1917. In their new performance space they charged steep entrance fees and  had to agree to admit spectators by invitation only which assured a predominantly upper class audience. Dada works were exhibited only in the last month of the gallery. They gave lectures, dance and music performances, Ball recited his sound poems. Unfortunately due to financial difficulties the gallery closed in May 1917.


The last Dada Soiree in Zurich was held in the Saal zur Kaufleuten on April 9, 1919. The event created a riotous scene among the 1,500 people reported to have been there.

And that was just the beginning …


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2016 – ‘Brilliant Ideas’

This years Bloomberg series ‘Brilliant Ideas’ has made it easy for us to see into the minds + works of our top successful global artists. From India to the USA you can see how artists work on  a grand scale and what makes them tick. Bravo ‘Brilliant Ideas’!
See videos below.

The one Art Book to read

‘Art as Therapy’ by Alain de Botton and John Armstrong. Finally, a brilliant book tackling on the Question “What is Art for?”.

The answers given are valid and illuminating and questions like ‘Why have I just left this museum and feel underwhelmed or bewildered and / or inadequate and why the big experience I thought I would have didn’t happen’.

I know you have had these thoughts and whats wrong with me liking ‘pretty pictures’. Read the book!

“Art holds out the promise of inner wholeness” – Alain de Botton


Click on the names for the video of the artist.

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Zhang Huan

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Simon Denny

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Lee Bul

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Xu Bing

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Theaster Gates

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Abraham Cruzvillegas

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Subodh Gupta

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Jaume Plensa

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Ellen Gallagher

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Francesco Clemente

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Bharti Kher

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Danny Lane

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Luke Jerram

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Mariko Mori

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Yinka Shonibare

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Michael Joo

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Cornelia Parker

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Grayson Perry


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Violence hits Miami Art Fair – Art Popup Show Zurich

Violence hits Miami Art Fair

Violence comes to an Art Fair. This shouldn’t happen. Art fairs are like libraries and Museum … Safe areas. Were they fighting over an art work? I hope not. But one art lover (a woman) stabbed another. Some people thought it was a performance piece.. It is true  I was annoyed with a Gallery that sold an artist I have been following and thought I could buy it on the spot and ship to a close address instead of buying it in a very far away country and adding on pages of taxes  and mysterious shipping costs but not enough to punch him.  But instead the Art Dealer surprised me with a first time show of an artist that I was taken with. And that is the best part of art. When the scales drop from your eyes and you are elated because the soul of that artist has woken you up. No I am not going to tell you who it is. It will stay my secret for a while  and I will walk around with a smile because I know he has the makings of an   important artist, deep thinking, original  with a tremendous grasp of his media.

Maybe the sales were so dynamic because the rain in Miami was torrential  and the beach was not possible but the Fairs  have improved. No more empty bling. South Africa sent some terrific galleries with very original work  Check out the Gallery Stevenson. Lots of Chinese this time buying.What was an exceptional show was UNREALISM presented be Larry Gagosian and Jeffrey Deitch. The whole 4 floors of the Moore Building was filled with the best oil painters out there 64 in all. Dan Colen, John  Currin, Swoon, Zeng Fanzhi, Lynette Yiadom-Boakye, Clemente, Fischi … the list goes on.

Art Popup Show Zurich

What was a big success is the pop up art show I made in a  house being converted into   lovely apartments. Some how the art I showed on bare walls with tubs exposed was a big hit with the Swiss.It was in collaboration with one of the most forward thinking real estate companies, Simmo in Switzerland. Music, wine, rough walls collided with contemporary works of well known artists . Next show will be in spring. As the Donald says HUGH !  God even I am quoting him.I am looking for works of art done with 3-D printing. Artists that are working with that media please contact me.


More pictures here!


Cult of the cute…. A form of rebellion through Japanese fashion and  artistic expression.against the current society made by adults.Examples are Takashi Murakami, Sabastian Masudas installation of girls room at the Salone del Mobile in Milan ,girls dressed up like a sweet Lolita.. Look it up online and go to the Kawaii Monster Cafe in Tokyo.This also includes the Hello Kitty  obsession . Why grown women are collecting Hello Kitty beats me.

CUBAN ARTISTS … insider buying

Yoan Capote, Diana Fonseca Quinones,Alejandro Campins Los Carpinteros, Carlos Garaicoa Jorge Pardo, Agnes Varda and read Cuban Art News put out by Howard Farber…He was right about the Chinese now its the Cuban artists.

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Art Popup Show Zurich – Pictures

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Upcoming projects


I will be hanging this show in a very unusual way. Do come and see. One of Miami’s best artists.Roberta Gonella…all of you stop looking at your iPads. Look to the Horizon!

flyerRoberta Panorama

There is something very intimate and at the same time expanding of our souls when we look at a horizon. How can that be? Many great artists have tried to capture this mystery. In this exhibition I have gone one step further, I have lined Sheila’s powerful horizon pieces as an assemblage, connecting the disparate horizons together regardless of their size or medium to make one continuous horizon line.

Roberta Gonella

December 12, 2015



Visionaryarttrends presents the first Swiss ART POP UP SHOW featuring boutique apartments to rent! Patrician sized, great view of the lake of Zurich in District 6. Together with an open house Apero at Huttenstrasse 36, Zurich starting on the 11th of December from 17.00 to 20.00 pm. Saturday 12th  from 10.00 am – 6.00 pm and Sunday 13th from 11.00 am to 4.00 pm.

Artists being featured: Jean-Michel Basquiat, Zara Hadid, Wu Yiming, Ma Liming , Dimitri Horta, Harald Naegeli,  Guo Jin, Tom Fellner, Alex Herzog, Julia Sheppard, Ladina Frey-Durisch, Andrea Bertotti and more …

A chance to see a wonderful collection of contemporary art and beautiful apartments, what else do you want?



Art unlimited at Art Basel 2016

For information to follow!


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Concrete / Generative photography

A new movement in photography, rediscovered now….an important link in the history of photography
An important group of photographers which have been overlooked by the art world has been re-discovered and will be shown at the Paris Photo at the Grand Palais Nov 12-15 by the Gallery Scheublein +Bak. 1This rarely happens but I am excited to tell the story and also happy to inform you that the photographs are reasonably priced a chance for a young lover of photography to get in.This movement started in 1967  at the Galerie Actuelle in Bern with a group of avant-garde  Swiss photographers René Mächler, Roger Humbert, Rolf Schroeter and Jean-Frédéric Schnyder. Unfortunately the show leaves little traces and the response at that time was not what the artists hoped for since they were hoping to be accepted within the framework of Max Bill.  Breier and Pierre Cordier then a year later in 1968 Kunsthaus Bielefelder opened the pivotal show Generative Fotografie with works by Gottfried Jäger, Hein Gravenhorst, Kilian Breier and Pierre Cordier. Generative photography or Concrete, both names have been used for these types of photographs.  The idea of generating forms out of a mathematical context instead of depicting forms as part of a naturalistic program, predicted  a link to computer art and a bridge between light and data image. In laymen terms these were before digital photographs using analog cameras. These photos possess a certain signalling effect. They demand attention,they are fantastic, cosmic inspired ,sharp, cold , well look below and see for yourself.
And  a bit about the artists. All of them (there weren’t so many ,list below) practically built their own machines to aid their visions. Herbert W. Franke, a pioneer of computer art combined rational physics and mathematics and photographic experiments. His vintage oscillograms from the 1950’s and 60’s are pioneering examples of computer art aesthetics. In them, graphic vibrations-were programmed on an analogue computer system and then photographed from the screen of a cathode ray oscillograph.
Heinrich Heidersberger adapted experimental forms of Kinetic op-art built on a pendulum machine which helped him t..o produce three-dimensional light-drawings on negatives. These breathtaking images were highly acclaimed at the time. Cocteau claimed these photos were ”the connection between man and machine as being characteristic of their time”.
Then there is Gottfried Jäger who created a self constructed multiple pinhole camera obscura and titled using a numeric programming system. His mathematical creativity is shown below in his “Pinhole Structures”. Since 1966 Jäger and Karl Martin Holzhauser have continued given yearly symposium in Bieleld which have become legendary. These photographers will be seen in the upcoming Fair I mentioned. Historically and creatively important don’t let this  go.
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How Art Became Irrelevant & The Watch Fund

How Art Became Irrelevant

It takes an outsider like Michael Lewis who exposed the modern worlds insanity in the Financial world (those of you who haven’t read  The Big Short, Panic and Flash Boys are missing  one of the best reads ever)To take on the Art World. And what a splendid job he does. Anyone that is interested in understanding why we are where we are in the art market. With paintings costing fortunes, blockbuster  Museum shows pulling in masses of people   and a fair on every corner well that should be ok  but…..and there is always a but You know something is very wrong but can not put your finger on it. Please I implore you to read this Everyone that is serious about civilization, there, I’ve said it CIVILIZATION. Below is the article. I would  love some feed back on this take a long minute not a like or not. What do you think?


The full article by Michael  Lewis on



Attention collectors of mens watches!
You can now wear the watches your fund invests in and make a profit at the end of the year. Dominic Khoo turned his passion for watches into a business. THE WATCH FUND. He buys ultra high end watches at steep discounts and then sells them for profit, to benefit the funds investors. The two year old fund now has about 29 million Dollars worth of assets under management and 60 investors, each of whom has contributed a minimum of 250,000$ according to Mr. Khoo, the funds sole buyer and largest stakeholder. He has also seven other partners who are invested. There’s nothing like a company where the owners have skin in the game. The fund is private managed account so that investors can self-regulate, each investor generally gets a selection of watches-sort of the investors portfolio the same day the investment is received. The investors have two options. One guarantees a fixed 10 per cent annual return, while the other offers a variable rate which so far has generated a higher return. One portfolio soared 54 percent in three months time. Mr Khoo said he buys only investment-grade watches, timepieces with prices are expected to produce a profit beyond the purchase cost and management fee. So…. if you’ve been lusting after the Ulysses Nardin Genghis Khan or a Bulgari Carillon Minute-Repeating Tourbillon or a Celsius pocket watch look this fund up its based in Singapore..



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